Plant variety registration and rights

Many genetic resources collections include obsolete varieties that are no longer of commercial interest to breeding companies and hence have been removed from variety lists. Cultivars that are still commercially important to breeding companies are usually not available from genebanks.

In case of interest in a particular modern variety the databases of the Community Plant Variety Office (CPVO), the EU Common Catalogue or the Pluto database of the International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV) may be searched. The CPVO is an European Union agency managing a system of plant variety rights (plant breeders' rights), while the EU Common Catalogue includes those varieties that meet DUS (distinctness, uniformity and stability) standards and that are free from marketing restrictions within the Community as regards to variety. The Pluto database combines information on applications for plant breeders' rights with data about applications for admission to variety lists. From the website of the Netherlands Inspection Service for Horticulture (Naktuinbouw) descriptions can be obtained of varieties that have been granted for plant breeders’ rights or that have been listed in the Netherlands since 2009.

Community Plant Variety Office (CPVO)

Community Plant Variety Office (CPVO)

Select 'Databases' and 'Applications and Titles in Force' from the main menu. Subsequently, choose 'Applications and Titles in Force' on the new page and enter 'Lactuca sativa L.' in the 'Botanical taxon' box. A comprehensive list is presented that can be searched for the variety name of interest. Application status and date are presented, as well as the applicant's name. The majority of applicants are breeding companies of which the main part is included in the section 'Breeding companies' on the current web page.

European Common Catalogue

European Common Catalogue

Select 'EU database of registered plant varieties' from the text box, and then 'Vegetable species' from the following screen. Chose 'Varieties' as section in the search form and select 'H - 23 - Lettuce - Lactuca sativa L.' from the species pull-down menu. By activating the search button a list will appear with registered and deleted (optional) varieties. Selecting a specific entry will provide details about the variety, such as maintenance, synonyms and variety attributes.

Pluto Database

Pluto Database

After registration, enter Lactuca in the search box 'Botanical name' and activate the search button. A list of varieties will appear that can be sorted by clicking on the column head of choice. Clicking on an entry will show variety information, such as application details, denominations and parties concerned.

Naktuinbouw variety descriptions

Naktuinbouw variety descriptions

This link provides access to an alphabetically ordered list of variety names that have been granted for plant breeders’ rights or that have been listed in the Netherlands since 2009. Clicking on a specific variety will open a screen with a detailed description of the variety, including data on resistance characteristics against pests and diseases such as downy mildew (Bremia lactucae), the lettuce mosaic virus (LMV) and the lettuce aphid Nasonovia Ribisnigri.

Descriptions US varieties

Vegetable Cultivar Descriptions for North America Lettuce A-L

Vegetable Cultivar Descriptions for North America Lettuce M-Z

These links provide an overview of lettuce varieties that have developed in the United States of America. Information is presented about the breeder and vendor, while also the main characteristics of the variety are presented.