Prunus spinosa L.


source: Otto Wilhelm Thomé (1885), publisher: Wikimedia Commons (pub.domain)
source: Otto Wilhelm Thomé (1885), publisher: Wikimedia Commons (pub.domain)


GrinTax Prunus spinosa L.
The Plant list Prunus spinosa L.
English name Blackthorn

Crop relationship
Japanese plum secondary genepool

FLORON data (2014)
Indigeneity native
Trend since 1950 stable or increasing
Presence common
Status least concern
Legal protection unlisted

© NDFF, 2015
© NDFF, 2015

Legend distribution maps

upper map:

  • red: locations of presence from year 2000 onwards
  • blue: previous localities where the species has not been observed anymore after 1999.
  • source:

- - - - - - - - - -

lower map:

Europe not in the north
Asia SW-Asia
Africa NW-Africa
North-America naturalized
South-America -
Australia -
source:, 2015
source:, 2015

Expected distribution due to climate change

Expected distribution area in 2070 in the European region and in the Netherlands compared with current suitable areas under an optimistic and a pessimistic climate change scenario (see: About CWRnl / Methodology). Click on a map to enlarge.


Optimistic scenario

Distribution data GBIF, December 2016
Distribution data GBIF, December 2016

Pessimistic scenario


Additional information