Ilex aquifolium L.

European holly

source: Isidre blanc (2013), Wikimedia Commons (license CCASA 4.0 International)
source: Isidre blanc (2013), Wikimedia Commons (license CCASA 4.0 International)

Nomenclature

GrinTax Ilex aquifolium L.
The Plant list Ilex aquifolium L.
English name European holly



Crop relationship
Yerbe maté same genus



FLORON data (2014)
Indigeneity native
Trend since 1950 stable or increasing
Presence common
Status least concern
Legal protection unlisted

© NDFF, 2015
© NDFF, 2015

Legend distribution maps

upper map:

  • red: locations of presence from year 2000 onwards
  • blue: previous localities where the species has not been observed anymore after 1999.
  • source: Verspreidingsatlas.nl

- - - - - - - - - -

lower map:

Distribution area
Europe W- and S-Europe
Asia -
Africa NW-Africa
North-America west coast
South-America -
Australia south coast
source: wilde-planten.nl, 2015
source: wilde-planten.nl, 2015

Expected distribution due to climate change

Expected distribution area in 2070 in the European region and in the Netherlands compared with current suitable areas under an optimistic and a pessimistic climate change scenario (see: About CWRnl / Methodology). Click on a map to enlarge.

legenda_uk.gif

Optimistic scenario

Ilexaquifolium_EU_C26-small.png
Ilexaquifolium_NL_C26-small.png
Distribution data GBIF, August 2016
Distribution data GBIF, August 2016

Pessimistic scenario

Ilexaquifolium_EU_C85-small.png
Ilexaquifolium_NL_C85-small.png

Additional information